9500 - 8500 BC, Invention of Agriculture

Granaries for holding bulk grain were discovered in archaeological sites from the "Pre-Pottery Neolithic A" period. This period includes the culture between 9500 and 8500 BC on the Eastern edge of the Mediterranean Sea. Carbonized wheat and barley seeds were discovered inside granaries. The model archaeological site, or the type site, for the "Pre-Pottery Neolithic A" culture is Jericho. Jericho is considered the oldest city in the world.

This is currently the earliest discovery of a culture evolving from nomadic hunter-gatherers to sedentary dwellers. The transition to agriculture creates the opportunity for the discovery of fermenting grains.

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