Steins are ornate mugs with hinged lids. Steins are crafted from a variety of materials including leather, stone, ceramic, pewter, wood, and glass. The walls can taper slightly in or out, but are generally very vertical. Steins have a large range in sizes, but are generally quite large. They may have nucleation sites on the bottom-inside surface to improve head creation and retention. Steins are taller and more narrow than mugs.
The official Oktoberfest event in Germany releases a new stein design annually. http://shop.oktoberfest.de/en/Steins-Glasses/
Steingut means stoneware in German. Steins were traditionally crafted from stoneware. During the 14th Century in Europe, to prevent plague and deaths from unsanitary conditions, hinged lids were added to beverage containers to prevent insects (especially flies) from contaminating them.
16 fluid oz (475 L)
24 fluid oz (700 L)
33 fluid oz (1 L)
Soda Lime Glass
Wide diameter, straight walls
wide diameter allows for a broad, thick, foamy head when served
wide diameter promotes easy sipping
Wide diameter, height varies, straight walls, handle
handle is easy to hold onto
presents decorative printing or engraving
Wide diameter, thick glass bottom
wide diameter provides stability
thick glass reduces heat transfer from table
thick glass lowers center of gravity for stability
Thick walls are safe for rough handling and festive toasts
thick walls are safe for dishwashers
thick walls insulate beer, reducing heat transfer from surroundings
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