Brewing Step 4: Hops are added to the Wort

The Wort will sustain vicious boiling during this step. Hops are immersed in the boiling water. This step takes 30 to 90 minutes.

Hops are flowers used to balance the flavor and aroma in beer. They also act as a natural preservative. Some varieties of hop flowers add a bitter characteristic to the beer, and are added earlier in the sustained boil. Other varieties have a stronger floral aroma and flavor, and are added later in the sustained boil. The timing has an effect on which characteristics the Wort inherits from the hops.

At the end of the sustained boil, all the bittering and aromatic hops can be removed from the Wort. Immediately following their removal, the cooling step begins.